The wealth of sand and wood in the Bohemian basin and its unique position in the centre of the Europe have offered glassmakers exceptional facilities. The origins of the contemporary glassmaking date back to the Gothic era, i.e. the turn of 13th and 14th centuries. Perhaps Venice only may take pride in such a long and uninterrupted tradition.
The popularity of the Bohemian glass has permanently increased during the Middle Ages; in the 16th century at least 34 melting works were documented at the Bohemian area. The artists from the whole Europe came to the country. Bohemian glass and crystal became famous throughout the world and put also the Venice articles, previously reckoned to be the best one, into the shade.